Civil War and the Manx Rebellion
7th Earl of Derby, James Stanley, was a loyal supporter of King
Charles I during the English Civil War and in 1651 he left the Island
with most of the Manx militia, to fight for the English King, against
the Parliamentary revolutionary forces.
William Christian, known in Manx
as Illiam Dhone (Brown William), was considered a traitor by the
Stanleys but a patriot by many of the Manx for his actions in surrendering
the Island to the Parliamentary troops during the Civil War. At
his trial many members of the House of Keys were unwilling to condemn
him and as a result were removed and replaced by others who would
find William Christian guilty.
By October 1651 the Island was besieged
by Parliamentary forces who demanded that the Manx surrender. Stanley
had been captured in England. His wife, Countess Charlotte de la
Tremouille, tried to negotiate for her husband's release but when
she learnt of her husband's execution and that the Island's garrisons
were to be surrendered by William Christian (the Island's Receiver
General), she finally admitted defeat.